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Solvency Ratios: Debt to Equity Ratio, Proprietary Ratio etc with Examples

Fixed asset ratio is the ratio of capital and long term funds to fixed assets. A ratio that relates tangible net worth to total tangible assets. Since it is funding most of its assets using shareholder equity, the company creditors will not be exposed to liquidity risk or default risk. The total assets to debt ratio establish a relationship between ______ and _____ . Different types of accounting ratios depict different areas in a business and it is of high importance to identify the gains and losses a business is making and where exactly it is being made. Not only does it help the business to function well and help stakeholders or investors for better decision making.

The main purpose of this ratio is to determine the proportion of the total assets of a business that is funded by the proprietors. Debt to Equity Ratio
The debt to equity ratio measures the relationship between the long-term debt of a firm and its total equity. Since both these figures are obtained from the balance sheet itself, this is a balance sheet ratio. The proprietary ratio may also express the relationship between proprietor’s funds, i.e., shareholder’s funds, and net assets or capital employed. In its multiple forms, properietary ratio is an indicator about the soundness of the capital structure (solvency) of an entity. The higher the ratio, the lower an entity’s dependence on external sources of funds and the more stable the position of the entity is in the long run, and vice versa.

  1. Such a stance can be seen as a stronger solvency position, signaling lower financial risk.
  2. By mastering its implications, CFOs can align their capital structure strategies with overarching business goals, optimizing both stability and growth.
  3. Interest is a charge on profit; it means interest will be paid before considering the taxes to be paid to the government, and hence it reduces the payment of taxes to the government.
  4. These accounting ratios help to measure the effectiveness of the firms by analysing the returns generated by the firm from investments and operations.

______ the ratio shows the extent to which the total assets have been financed by the proprietor. Interest coverage ratio depicts the relationship between net profit before interest and taxand interest payable on long-term debts. _______ ratios are calculated for measuring the efficiency of operations of business based on effective utilization of resources. Liquidity ratios assess the enterprise’s ability to meet its _financial obligations. _______ means the firm’s ability to meet its long-term liabilities.

Part-B Chapter 1: Overview of Computerised Accounting System

Such a stance can be seen as a stronger solvency position, signaling lower financial risk. Also, the ratio is not necessarily a good indicator of long-term solvency, since it does not make use of any information on the income statement, which would indicate profitability or cash flows. Thus, shareholders have contributed 40% of all funds used in the business, with creditors contributing the remaining 60% of funds. This ratio can be monitored on a trend line or compared with the same metric for competitors to gain a better understanding of the outcome. This cash flow includes depreciation and non-cash expenses that are measured against its debt obligations.

What are the advantages of accounting ratios?

This ratio indicates the number of times earning per share is covered by its market price. This ratio is established between the cost of goods sold to the net sales. This classification is based on those statements from which information’s are obtained for calculating ratios since accounting information’s are obtained mostly from two statements i.e. With a strong equity base, the company can potentially access debt markets more favorably when needed. A higher ratio means less reliance on external funding, granting the firm more freedom in decision-making without creditor pressures. It’s imperative to note that a ‘good’ Proprietary Ratio can vary based on industry norms.

It also indicates that creditors will lose interest for providing finance to such a company. Interest rates will become high and there is also a high risk of bankruptcy. It is calculated by dividing net profit after tax and preference share dividend by number of equity shares. Firstly it is a great way for the company to measure its leverage or indebtedness. A low ratio means the firm is more financially secure, but it also means that the equity is diluted.

Solvency Ratios also known as leverage ratios determine an entity’s ability to service its debt. So these ratios calculate if the company can meet its long-term debt. It is important since the investors would like to know about the solvency of the firm to meet their interest payments and to ensure that their investments are safe. Hence solvency ratios compare the levels of debt with equity, fixed assets, earnings of the company etc.

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Interest is a charge on profit; it means interest will be paid before considering the taxes to be paid to the government, and hence it reduces the payment of taxes to the government. Therefore, the net profit before taxes is considered while computing the interest coverage ratio. Purchase returns amounting to ₹ 20,000 will deteriorate the inventory turnover ratio. Working capital is the excess of current assets over current liabilities.

So a check has to be kept on the cost of such debt and whether the company is capable of meeting such costs. This means that 33% of the company’s total assets have been funded by the company proprietors. The proprietary ratio helps you measure how much the company’s stockholders are contributing to the total capital of the company. This calculation will help you see the proportion of the company’s total assets that are funded by the proprietors versus other forms of financing. In the vast arena of financial ratios, some metrics provide more in-depth insights into the structure and risk profile of an organization. The Proprietary Ratio, also known as the Equity Ratio, is one such indispensable tool for CFOs, shedding light on the proportion of equity employed in the total assets of a company.

Now, to calculate the proprietary ratio, we’ll need to take the company’s shareholders’ equity and divide it by its total assets. It is calculated to check the total assets funded by Debt in a company. Long-term debts include the debts which are payable after 1 year. It is also known as equity ratio or shareholder equity ratio or net worth ratio.

Total assets refers to a company’s total assets on its balance sheet regardless of how it was funded (through debt or equity). The main objective of using this ratio is to see how much of a company’s total assets are funded by the proprietors (or shareholders). proprietary ratio expresses the relationship between The proprietary ratio is a financial measure allowing you to assess the proportion of a company’s shareholder equity in relation to its total assets. Debt equity ratio
expresses the relationship between long term debt and shareholders’ funds.


Liquidity ratios compare current assets with current liabilities, i.e. short-term debt. Whereas solvency ratios analyze the ability to pay long-term debt. Whereas solvency ratios analyze the ability to pay the long-term debt. Here we will be looking at the four most important solvency ratios. A low ratio points to a more financially stable business, better for the creditors.

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